UPSC Geography Notes PDF: India and World Geography Notes For UPSC IAS Civil Services Exam Pre Mains and Optional


1. Course Outline
2. Basics of Climatology
A. The atmosphere, Normal Lapse Rate
B. Basics of Climatology

3. Temperature
A. Factors Controlling Distribution of Temperature
B. Temperature Inversion
4. Basics of Atmosphere
A. Basic Concepts Part-1
B. Basic Concepts Part-2
5. Atmospheric Composition
6. Air Pressure and Atmospheric Circulation
A. Atmospheric Circulation
B. Pressure Systems
7. Ocean Currents
A. Ocean Currents Part-1
B. Ocean Currents Part-2

8. Humidity and Precipitation
9. Air Masses
A. Air Masses and Fronts
B. Air Masses and Fronts
10. Climate Types
A. Climatic Classification of the World Part-I
B. Climatic Classification of the World Part-2
11. Continental Drift Theory and Plate Tectonics
A. Continental Drift Theory
B. Pacific Ring of Fire
C. Sea Floor Spreading
12. Interior of the Earth
A. Interior of the Earth 2
B. Interior of the Earth 3
C. Interior of the Earth 1

13. Earth’s Movements
A. Features Structures on Earth Part-1
B. features structures on Earth Part-2
C. Forces Responsible for Features
14. Rocks
A. Metamorphic Rocks
B. Sedimentary Rock
C. Igneous Rocks Part-1
D. Igneous Rocks Part-2
15. Earthquakes and Volcanoes
A. Basic Definitions
B. Earthquakes 1
C. Vulcanicity and Volcanoes
D. Vulcanicity and Volcanoes
16. Exogenetic Forces
A. Exogenetic Processes Part-1
B. Exogenetic Processes Part-2
C. Exogenetic Processes Part-3
D. Exogenetic Processes Part-4

17. Reliefs of Ocean Basins
A. Introduction to Oceanography
B. Reliefs of Ocean Basins
18. Salinity
19. Tides
20. Coral Reefs and Atoll

Indian Geography UPSC Notes

21. Introduction to Indian Geography
A. Components of Indian Geography
B. Geography of India
22. Geological Structure
23. Resources and Related Industries
24. Physiography
A. The Peninsular Region
B. The Himalayas
C. The Great Plains
D. The Coastal Plains and Islands
25. Drainage
A. Important Facts
B. Himalayan River System
C. Peninsular River System
D. Drainage Patterns
E. Difference between Himalayan and Peninsular River

26. Indian Monsoon
A. Factors Responsible for Indian Monsoon Part-1
B. Factors Responsible for Indian Monsoon Part-2
C. Factors Responsible for Indian Monsoon Part-3
D. Progress of Monsoon
E. Seasons
27. Soils
A. Factors Influencing Soil Formation
B. Soils in India
28. Vegetation and Wildlife
29. Agriculture and Related Industries
30. Transportation
31. Settlements
32. Population
A. Population Theories
B. Definitions
C. Census Data, Important Concepts

33. Class-6
34. Class-7
35. Class-8
A. Class-8 Part-1
B. Class-8 Part-2
C. Class-8 Part-3
36. Class-9
1. Class-9 Part-1
2. Class-9 Part-2

37. Class-10
38. Class-11 Fundamentals of Physical Geography
A. Class-11 Fundamentals of Physical Geography Part-1
B. Class-11 Fundamentals of Physical Geography Part-2
C. Class-11 Fundamentals of Physical Geography Part-3
39. Class-11 India- Physical Environment
A. Class-11 India- Physical Environment Part-1
B. Class-11 India- Physical Environment Part-2
C. Class-11 India- Physical Environment Part-3
40. Class-12 Fundamentals of Human Geography
A. Class-12 Fundamentals of Human Geography Part-1
B. Class-12 Fundamentals of Human Geography Part-2
41. Class-12 India People and Economy
A. Class-12 India People and Economy Part-1

World Geography UPSC Notes

42. G.C. Leong Discussion
43. Geography Maps -Introduction
A. Introduction
B. Glaciers
C. Prelims Special 1
D. Prelims Special 2
44. World Map
A. Africa, Asia, and Australia
B. Europe, North America, and South America
45. India Political
46. Physical Features
A. Mountains and Hills
B. Peaks
C. Passes
D. Waterfalls
E. Glaciers
47. River Systems
1. Indus
2. Ganga
3. Yamuna
4. Brahmaputra
5. Krishna, Kaveri, and Mahanadi
6. Others
48. Lakes
49. Dams and Reservoirs

UPSC Geography Notes